Author(s): Pratipanawatr T, Rawdaree P, Chetthakul T, Bunnag P, Ngarmukos C,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Thailand is 9.8 percent which is double the number forecast by World Health Organization. There is inadequate information to statistically represent all Thai diabetic patients for their causes of death. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics that predicted death and causes of death in Thai diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This prospective cohort was a 3-year follow-up study of the Thai Diabetes Registry project done between April, 2003, and February, 2006, which registered 9,419 diabetic patients attending 11 diabetic clinics in tertiary medical centers in Bangkok and major provinces of Thailand. The dead or alive status (99.5\%) was determined. The causes of death were defined by reviewing the medical records. RESULTS: Of the 9,370 diabetic patients registered, 425 patients died, 1.84 percent per year. There was an increased risk of death associated with age, type of healthcare plan, lower education, insulin use, smoking, history of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease, serum creatinine and high HbA1c. Lipid-lowering medication and metformin decreased the risk of death. Cardiovascular disease, infection and cancer were the prevalent causes of death. CONCLUSION: The present study showed risk factors that influenced death and causes of death in Thai diabetics.
This article was published in J Med Assoc Thai
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism