alexa Thalidomide in multiple myeloma--clinical trials and aspects of drug metabolism and toxicity.


Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Breitkreutz I, Anderson KC

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Abstract BACKGROUND: After the tragic events in the early 1960s, thalidomide has re-emerged as therapeutic for multiple myeloma (MM). It was first approved for the treatment of erythema nodosum leprosum, and is now under evaluation for hematologic and non-hematologic disorders. Its complex mechanism of action is not fully understood; however extensive preclinical studies in MM have revealed its antiangiogenic and immunomodulatory properties. OBJECTIVE: In this review, we focus on the importance and toxicity of thalidomide in today's clinical use. METHODS: Key preclinical and clinical trials available as well as data on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of thalidomide in humans are summarized. CONCLUSIONS: Thalidomide is widely used as first-line treatment and in relapsed/refractory MM. The most common side effects are fatigue, constipation and peripheral neuropathy, and careful monitoring is required to avoid fetal exposure. This article was published in Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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