alexa The accelerator hypothesis and increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes.


Immunome Research

Author(s): Fourlanos S, Harrison LC, Colman PG, Fourlanos S, Harrison LC, Colman PG

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Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the relevance of the 'accelerator hypothesis' to type 1 diabetes pathogenesis and examine if recent evidence supports the hypothesis. The 'accelerator hypothesis' proposes 'three processes in type 1 diabetes which variably accelerate the loss of beta cells through apoptosis: constitution, insulin resistance and autoimmunity'. RECENT FINDINGS: Insulin resistance is an independent risk factor for progression to clinical type 1 diabetes in people with islet autoimmunity. Higher bodyweight is also associated with type 1 diabetes development although no longitudinal studies have simultaneously assessed bodyweight and insulin resistance in preclinical diabetes. Currently, there is no evidence for the view that accelerated beta-cell apoptosis is due to insulin resistance in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes. SUMMARY: Insulin resistance accelerates development of type 1 diabetes in people with islet autoimmunity and insulin deficiency. The increasingly 'obesogenic' environment which promotes insulin resistance could account for the rising incidence of type 1 diabetes. This article was published in Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes and referenced in Immunome Research

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