Author(s): Rock G, Secours VE, Franklin CA, Chu I, Villeneuve DC
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Abstract The accumulation of the plasticizer di-2-ethylhexylphthalate (DEHP) in blood and blood components has been of considerable concern for some time. We have followed the accumulation of DEHP and one of its major metabolities, mono-2-ethylhexylphthalate (MEHP) during storage of whole blood, platelet-rich plasma, platelet concentrates, and platelet-poor plasma for periods ranging from 72 hours to four weeks. Both phthalates showed a progressive increase in concentration with time. While the levels of DEHP were much greater than those of MEHP, there was nonetheless a significant and continual increase in MEHP in all preparations. The highest concentrations of both DEHP and MEHP were found in the platelet-poor plasma, indicating that platelets do not have a major role in the accumulation of the phthalates in blood. The accumulation of MEHP was shown to be a direct result of the metabolism of DEHP by plasma protein(s) rather than leaching from the blood bag.
This article was published in Transfusion
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta