Author(s): Biant LC, Yeoh K, Walker PM, Bruce WJ, Walsh WR
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Abstract Many studies have shown that computer navigation in total knee arthroplasty aids the surgeon to place the prosthesis in a more accurate overall alignment. Bony resection creates the flexion and extension gaps; important in balancing the knee and implant selection in TKR. The computer plans the bone cuts but has variables that it cannot control: the surgeon, the saw blade thickness and oscillation, the accuracy of the jigs, movement of the pins, and the quality of initial mapping data inputted by the surgeon. The accuracy of computer navigated bone resections are validated on cadavers, but this is the first study to compare the predicted bone cuts to that physically resected during TKR. For 89 patients undergoing primary TKR, the bone cut from the distal femur and proximal tibia was measured using Vernier callipers and compared to the computer calculation of the same. Results show that computer measurement of the physical space left by the resected bone is accurate.
This article was published in Knee
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis