Author(s): Fond O, Engasser JM, MattaElAmouri G, Petitdemange H
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Abstract The kinetics in fed-batch cultures of acetone butanol fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum is compared on glucose, xylose, and mixtures of both sugars. The final conversion yield of sugars into solvents always increases with the sugar feeding rate. At low feeding rates, the sugar concentration in the medium becomes limiting, which results in a slower cellular growth, a slower metabolic transition from an acid to a solvent fermentation and, thus, a higher accumulation of acids. It is only at sufficiently high feeding rates that fed-batch fermentations yield kinetic results comparable to those of batch fermentations. With mixtures of glucose and xylose, because of a maintained low glucose level, both sugars are taken up at the same rate during a first fermentation period. An earlier accumulation of xylose when the fermentation becomes inhibited suggest that xylose utilization is inhibited when the catabolic flux of glucose alone can satisfy the metabolic activity of the cell. Kinetic results with batch and fed-batch fermentations indicate several important features of the regulation of C. acetobutylicum metabolism: an early inhibition by the produced acids; an initiation of solvent formation between 4 and 6 g/L acetic and butyric acid depending on the metabolic activity of the cell; a metabolic transition from acids to solvents production at a rate closely related to the rate of sugar uptake; during solvent production, a reassimilation of acids above a minimal rate of sugar consumption of 0.2 h(-1); a final inhibition of the fermentation at a total butanol and acids concentration of ca. 20 g/L.
This article was published in Biotechnol Bioeng
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques