alexa The adaptation of enzymes to temperature: catalytic characterization of glucosephosphate isomerase homologues isolated from Mytilus edulis and Isognomon alatus, bivalve molluscs inhabiting different thermal environments.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Hall JG

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Abstract Homologues of glucosephosphate isomerase (GPI, EC 5.3.1.9) were purified to homogeneity and kinetically characterized from Mytilus edulis and Isognomon alatus, two bivalve molluscs experiencing contrasting thermal environments. The enzyme isolated from I. alatus functions at warmer temperatures (25-35 C) than GPI from M. edulis, a species that inhabits colder marine littoral habitats (5-20 C). The former exhibits apparent first-order (with respect to substrate) catalytic rate constants (Vmax/KM) in vitro that become progressively greater than the mussel enzyme as the assay temperature is raised. Apparent zero-order catalytic rate constants (Vmax) are relatively less differentiated. Catalytic efficiency, defined as the rate at which a catalytic event occurs in either reaction direction for reference standard states (substrate concentrations), is greater for the enzyme from the tropical species (I. alatus) at all realistic combinations of temperature and substrate concentration except for the lowest temperatures and highest substrate concentrations, where the GPI from the boreal/temperate M. edulis is more efficient. This pattern of catalytic divergence appears to be due primarily to differentiation in Vmax/KM. These results and other published data are reviewed and shown to be inconsistent with claims that adaptation of enzymes to higher cell temperatures requires a loss in catalytic efficiency.
This article was published in Mol Biol Evol and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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