alexa The adjuvant effect of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is mediated through a PPARalpha-independent mechanism.


Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Larsen ST, Nielsen GD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Previous studies in BALB/c mice revealed an adjuvant effect of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) to simultaneously administered ovalbumin. DEHP is the most commonly used phthalate plasticizer. In vivo formed metabolites of DEHP are peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligands, a group of chemicals that may have immunomodulatory properties. To study whether the PPARalpha receptor was involved in the adjuvant effect of DEHP, PPARalpha-deficient 129/Sv mice were exposed intraperitoneally to a mixture of OVA and DEHP, and the OVA-specific IgE, IgG1 and IgG2a responses were compared to the corresponding responses in the wild-type strain. The study showed that the adjuvant mechanism of DEHP is mediated through a PPARalpha-independent mechanism. Compared to mice only given OVA, DEHP induced highly increased levels of OVA-specific IgG1 and IgG2a, both in the wild-type and in the PPARalpha knock-out strains, indicating that DEHP is a mixed Th1/Th2 adjuvant. This article was published in Toxicol Lett and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version