Author(s): Marois I, Cloutier A, Garneau , Lesur O, Richter MV
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Abstract The clinical benefits of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) are well established, but the effects of antiviral treatment on the immune response are poorly understood. By use of flow cytometric analyses and the mouse model, we thoroughly investigated the impact of such a treatment on the immune response and the generation of protective immunity to influenza. We demonstrated that influenza-specific CD8(+) effector T cell recruitment was reduced up to 81\% in the lungs of mice treated with oseltamivir (5 or 50 mg/kg twice daily; EC50 49 nM in vitro) compared to saline controls, but cell generation was unaffected in draining lymph nodes. Importantly, we showed that oseltamivir administration significantly decreased the pools of tissue-resident and circulating effector memory (93.7\%) and central memory CD8(+) T cells (45\%) compared to saline controls. During heterologous secondary infection, a decreased memory CD8(+) T cell pool combined with reduced generation of secondary influenza-specific effectors in the lymph nodes resulted in 10-fold decreased CD8(+) T cell recall responses, which increased mouse morbidity and delayed viral clearance. Furthermore, antiviral administration led to a significant 5.7-fold decreased production of functional anti-influenza antibodies. Thus, our study demonstrates that antiviral treatment affects the development of the adaptive immune response and protective immunity against influenza. © FASEB.
This article was published in FASEB J
and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access