Author(s): Zanoni BC, Mayer KH, Zanoni BC, Mayer KH
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Abstract Little is known about how adolescents and young adults contribute to the declines in the cascade of care from HIV-1 diagnosis to viral suppression. We reviewed published literature from the Unites States reporting primary data for youth (13-29 years of age) at each stage of the HIV cascade of care. Approximately 41\% of HIV-infected youth in the United States are aware of their diagnosis, while only 62\% of those diagnosed engage medical care within 12 months of diagnosis. Of the youth who initiate antiretroviral therapy, only 54\% achieve viral suppression and a further 57\% are not retained in care. We estimate less than 6\% of HIV-infected youth in the United States remain virally suppressed. We explore the cascade of care from HIV diagnosis through viral suppression for HIV-infected adolescents and young adults in the United States to highlight areas for improvement in the poor engagement of the infected youth population.
This article was published in AIDS Patient Care STDS
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research