Author(s): Hu M, Zhang K
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Abstract Aptamers are nucleic acid ligands that are generated by molecular evolution to bind with high affinities and specificities to a large variety of targets, which make them attractive tools to be applied in cancer research. In this review, we highlight the recent progress in aptamer-based applications in cancer molecular research such as cancer targeting, biomarker discovery and therapeutics. Aptamers generated from cell-systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment especially contribute to the discovery of novel membrane proteins as cancer biomarkers. Aptamer-nanoparticle conjugation could achieve higher affinity for cancer detection. Aptamer-conjugated nanocarriers deliver drugs to cancer cells with increased specificity and efficacy, as well as reduced toxicity.
This article was published in Future Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis