Author(s): Meijers WC, van der Velde AR, de Boer RA
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Abstract Heart failure (HF) is a common disease and affects millions of patients worldwide. Diagnosis, risk assessment and treatment of HF are difficult and therefore there is a need for additional tools to improve clinical performance. Biomarkers may be helpful in this respect. Galectin-3 is a relatively new biomarker that has been shown to have strong associations with the development of HF. Galectin-3 plays a role in inflammation and fibrosis, which are key elements in the pathophysiology of HF. Circulating plasma or serum galectin-3 levels have strong associations with the severity of HF and may be used to prognosticate or risk-stratify HF patients. Currently, there are several commercially available assays that can measure circulating galectin-3. This article describes the role galectin-3 plays in HF and its prognostic consequences. We will summarize the technical specifications of various manual and automated galectin-3 assays, which may help in HF management.
This article was published in Expert Rev Mol Diagn
and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access