alexa The association between BMI and plasma cytokine levels in patients with acute lung injury.


Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

Author(s): Stapleton RD, Dixon AE, Parsons PE, Ware LB, Suratt BT NHLBI Acute

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with poor outcomes in many diseases, although recent data suggest that acute lung injury (ALI) is an exception. This is particularly interesting because obesity is marked by increased levels of proinflammatory mediators associated with increased morbidity and mortality in ALI. We hypothesized that cytokine response might be attenuated in patients who are obese and critically ill or that obesity might modify the relationship between plasma cytokines and clinical outcomes in ALI. METHODS: We analyzed plasma biomarker levels (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-alpha receptor 1, surfactant protein D [SP-D], soluble intracellular adhesion molecule, von Willebrand factor (vWF), protein C, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1) collected at baseline and day 3 in 1,409 participants in prior National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network (ARDSNet) trials. BMI was calculated for each patient, and associations with cytokine levels and ventilator-free days (VFDs), organ failure-free days (OFDs), and mortality were investigated in regression models adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: In adjusted analyses, plasma IL-6 (P = .052), IL-8 (P = .001), and SP-D (P < .001) were inversely related to BMI, whereas vWF (P = .001) and WBC count (P = .042) increased proportionally with BMI. BMI was not associated with increased morbidity or mortality and did not modify the association between baseline biomarker levels and mortality, VFDs, or OFDs. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who are obese and have ALI have lower levels of several proinflammatory cytokines, suggesting that the inflammatory response may be altered in patients with ALI and a high BMI. Lower SP-D but higher vWF suggests decreased epithelial and increased endothelial injury in the lung of patients who are obese. Mechanisms by which obesity may modulate innate immunity in critical illness are unclear, and future studies should elucidate such mechanisms.
This article was published in Chest and referenced in Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version