alexa The association between depression and suicide when hopelessness is controlled for.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology

Author(s): Zhang J, Li Z

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: We retested the relationship between major depression and suicide with hopelessness as a control variable, with the hypothesis that the strong relationship between depression and suicide will decrease or disappear when hopelessness is controlled for. Also, hopelessness can be accounted for by psychological strains that resulted from social structure coupled with individual characteristics. METHOD: This was a case-control psychological autopsy study, in which face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect information from proxy informants for suicide victims and living subjects in rural Chinese 15-34years of age who died of suicide (n=392) and who served as community living controls (n=416). Major depression was assessed by the Chinese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID). Hopelessness was measured by Beck Hopelessness Scale. RESULTS: A strong association between major depression and suicide was observed after adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics. When hopelessness was added to the analysis, the depression-suicide relationship was significantly decreased in all the six regression models. CONCLUSIONS: Although depression, as well as other mental illness, is a strong risk factor for suicide, depression and suicide are both likely to be related to hopelessness, which in turn could be a consequence of psychological strains that resulted from social structure and life events. Future studies may examine the causal relations between psychological strains and hopelessness. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Compr Psychiatry and referenced in International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords