Author(s): Shankar A, Klein R, Klein BE, Nieto FJ
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Abstract Increasing experimental evidence, including recently developed animal models support a causal role for uric acid in the development of hypertension. However, it is not clear whether serum uric acid levels are independently associated with the long-term incidence of hypertension. We examined the association between serum uric acid levels and 10-year incidence of hypertension in a population-based cohort study based in Beaver Dam city and township, Wisconsin, US. We studied 2520 hypertension-free individuals (56.3\% women, age: 43-84 years, 98\% Caucasian) at the baseline examination (1988-1990). The main outcome of interest was hypertension (systolic blood pressure (BP) of 140 mm Hg or higher, diastolic BP 90 mm Hg or higher, or combination of self-reported high BP diagnosis and use of antihypertensive medications) incidence over 10 years among baseline normotensive individuals. Nine hundred and fifty-six individuals developed hypertension over a 10-year follow-up period. The relative risk (RR) (95\% confidence intervals (CI)) of incident hypertension increased in a dose-dependent manner (P-trend < 0.05 in all models) with increasing uric acid quartiles. Multivariable RR (95\% CI) comparing the highest quartile of serum uric acid (> or =390 micromol/l) to the lowest quartile (< or =260 micromol/l) was 1.65 (1.41-1.93). This association persisted in subgroup analyses by categories of smoking, alcohol intake, body mass index, baseline blood pressure and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR). In conclusion, increasing quartiles of serum uric acid was associated with 10-year incidence of hypertension independent of smoking, alcohol intake and baseline kidney function suggesting an independent positive association between serum uric acid levels and hypertension development among community-dwelling older adults.
This article was published in J Hum Hypertens
and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access