alexa The association of anti-r-HuEpo-associated pure red cell aplasia with HLA-DRB1*09-DQB1*0309.


Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Praditpornsilpa K, Kupatawintu P, Mongkonsritagoon W, Supasyndh O, Jootar S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA developed in patients received subcutaneous injection of r-HuEpo for treatment of renal anemia in chronic kidney disease. This adverse immunological effect of r-HuEpo causes sudden loss of r-HuEpo efficacy, low circulating reticulocyte count and bone marrow biopsy shows an absence of erythroid precursor cells with normal cell population of non-erythroid lineage. There are postulation cause of anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA including genetic factor, immunogenicity factor, storage and handlings factor and formulation of r-HuEpo product. Previous observation of our report showed an aggregation of HLA-DRB1*09 in four anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA cases. This allele is rare in Caucasian (<1\%) but more common in Thai population (8.4-12.5\%). This study was aimed to investigate the possible association between HLA-DRB1*09 or other specific HLA and anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA. METHODS: Twenty two cases of proven anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA were recruited and studied retrospectively based on the incidence report of serious adverse drug reaction. The EDTA bloods were drawn for HLA typing using sequence specific primer polymerase chain reaction (SSP-PCR). The HLA data of 1,800 potential cadaveric kidney transplantation recipients in the waiting list as chronic kidney disease control and 1,500 potential bone marrow stem cell donors in national stem cell registry as healthy population control were retrieved from the database of Thai Red Cross for comparison. RESULTS: The distribution of gene frequency of HLA-A, -B, -DR and -DQ alleles in anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA cases showed high gene frequency of HLA-A*02, HLA-A*11 and HLA-A*24 for HLA-A loci, HLA-B*18, HLA-B*46, HLA-B*60 and HLA-B*62 for HLA-B loci, and HLA-DRB1*09, HLA-DRB1*12 and HLA-DRB1*15 for HLA-DR loci. There was a significant difference of HLA-DRB1*09 gene frequency (P < 0.001) which associated with HLA-DQB1*0309 between anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA cases, and potential cadaveric kidney transplantation in the waiting list or potential national stem cell registry donor. The odd ratio of HLA-DRB1*09 allele for anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA was 2.89 (95\% CI: 1.88-4.46; p-value: <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrated the association of HLA-DRB1*09-DQB1*0309 and anti-r-HuEpo associated PRCA cases. This association may be used in identifying the risk of the patients. This article was published in Nephrol Dial Transplant and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version