Author(s): Rajkumar R, Mahesh R
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Abstract The serotonergic mechanisms have been successfully utilized by the majority of antidepressant drug discovery programmes, while the search for newer targets remains persistent. The present review focused on the serotonin type-3 receptor, the only ion channel subtype in the serotonin family. Behavioural, neurochemical, electrophysiological and molecular analyses, including the results from our laboratory, provided substantial evidence that rationalizes the correlation between serotonin type-3 receptor modulation and rodent depressive-like behaviour. Nevertheless, the reports on polymorphism of serotonin type-3 receptor genes and data from clinical studies (on serotonin type-3 receptor antagonists) were insufficient to corroborate the involvement of this receptor in the neurobiology of depression. The preclinical and clinical studies that have contradicted the antidepressant-like effects of serotonin type-3 receptor antagonists and the reasons underlying such disagreement were discussed. Finally, this critical review commended the serotonin type-3 receptor as a candidate neuronal antidepressant drug target.
This article was published in J Psychopharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy