Author(s): Schutyser E, Struyf S, Van Damme J
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Abstract CCL20, alternatively named liver and activation-regulated chemokine (LARC), macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha (MIP-3alpha) or Exodus-1, is the only chemokine known to interact with CC chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6), a property shared with the antimicrobial beta-defensins. The ligand-receptor pair CCL20-CCR6 is responsible for the chemoattraction of immature dendritic cells (DC), effector/memory T-cells and B-cells and plays a role at skin and mucosal surfaces under homeostatic and inflammatory conditions, as well as in pathology, including cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. In this review, the discovery, the gene and protein structure, the in vitro biological activities, the cell and inducer specific expression and the tissue distribution of CCL20 and CCR6 are discussed.
This article was published in Cytokine Growth Factor Rev
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research