Author(s): Williams ET, Schouest KR, Leyk M, Strobel HW
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Abstract With the release of the chimpanzee genomic database, much work has been accomplished to understand more fully the closest related species to humans. This study investigates the cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) subfamily and examines differences which may be expected between chimpanzees and humans in regards to CYP3A metabolism. A previous publication had reported the presence of five putative chimpanzee CYP3A isoforms, as compared to the four in humans (Williams ET et al., Mol Phylogenet Evol 33, 300-8). Based on the previous report, the chimpanzee CYP3A5 should have had a different C-terminus than its human counterpart; therefore, CYP3A5 and CYP3A67 were cloned. The CYP3A5 clone obtained disputes the previous prediction and confirms that the nucleotide similarity between the two species is 99.7\%. While CYP3A67 is most closely related to CYP3A7, with significant differences in the amino acid sequences. Also, the mRNA expression of CYP3A67 can rival the expression of CYP3A4 in the tissues analyzed. CYP3A7 was not found to be expressed in any chimpanzee tissue examined. Total CYP3A protein expression was not significantly different between chimpanzees and humans. Metabolism assays using benzphetamine and erythromycin with chimpanzee liver microsomes did not reveal major differences between chimpanzees and humans. In conclusion, adult CYP3A metabolism may not be significantly different between chimpanzees and humans.
This article was published in Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability