Author(s): Gornowicz A, Bielawska A, Czarnomysy R, GabryelPorowska H, Muszyska A,
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Abstract New strategy of cancer's targeting treatment is combining monoclonal antibodies with chemotherapeutic agents. An important goal of targeted therapy appears to be a transmembrane glycoprotein type I-mucin 1 (MUC1), which is overexpressed in tumors of epithelial origin, especially in breast cancer. The goal of the study was to check the effect of monoclonal antibody against MUC1 with novel platinum(II) complex (Pt12) on selected aspects of apoptosis in human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The number of apoptotic and necrotic cells was measured using annexin V binding assay. The decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and DNA fragmentation was analyzed. Finally, the influence of novel platinum(II) complex (Pt12) used with anti-MUC1 on the concentration of selected markers of apoptosis such as Bax, caspase-8, -9, and caspase-3 was performed using ELISA. The results from combined treatment were compared with those obtained using monotherapy. In our study, we proved that anti-MUC1 used in combination with Pt12 strongly induced apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. The effect was stronger than treatment with Pt12, cisplatin, anti-MUC1, and anti-MUC1 used with cisplatin. We also observed the highest decrease of MMP and the strongest DNA fragmentation after such a combined treatment. The results obtained from ELISA showed increased concentration of Bax, caspases-8, -9, -3 compared to monotherapy. Our study proved that Pt12 together with anti-MUC1 strongly induced apoptosis in estrogen-negative breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-231). The apoptosis may go through extrinsic pathway associated with caspase-8 as well as intrinsic pathway connected with caspase-9.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access