Author(s): Je HD, Shin CY, Park HS, Huh IH, Sohn UD
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Abstract 1 We measured the plasma glucose and the glycosylated haemoglobin at the time of sacrifice in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mellitus (DM) rats. 2 In diabetic rats, plasma glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin was increased as compared with normal rats, and vitamin E inhibited the increase of glycosylated haemoglobin level but vitamin C had no effect. 3 The peroxidized proteins and lipids from the diabetic organs such as liver or kidney were measured to assess the oxidative damage. The 2,4-dinitrophenyl-hydrazine (DNPH) incorporation method was used to measure the peroxidized protein. In diabetic rats, DNPH incorporation was increased as compared with normal rats and vitamin E also inhibited the increase of DNPH incorporation but vitamin C had no effect. It suggests that the protein oxidation occurred on the liver in diabetic rats and the oxidative stress is general in the diabetic condition. 4 We measured the systolic arterial pressure and mean arterial pressure in normal rats, nephrectomy (NEPH)-rats, diabetic rats (DM), and NEPH-diabetic rats (NEPH-DM). Blood pressure was significantly increased in DM and NEPH-DM as compared with normal rats. 5 In conclusion, plasma glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, and the oxidation of proteins or lipid were increased in diabetic rats. Vitamin E decreased the plasma glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin and the oxidation of proteins and lipid, but vitamin C had no effects.
This article was published in J Auton Pharmacol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access