Author(s): Zoccarato F, Miotto C, Cavallini L, Alexandre A
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Abstract In brain mitochondria succinate activates H(2)O(2) release, concentration dependently (starting at 15 μM), and in the presence of NAD dependent substrates (glutamate, pyruvate, β-hydroxybutyrate). We report that TCA cycle metabolites (citrate, isocitrate, α-ketoglutarate, fumarate, malate) individually and quickly inhibit H(2)O(2) release. When they are present together at physiological concentration (0.2, 0.01, 0.15, 0.12, 0.2 mM respectively) they decrease H(2)O(2) production by over 60\% at 0.1-0.2 mM succinate. The degree of inhibition depends on the concentration of each metabolite. Acetoacetate is a strong inhibitor of H(2)O(2) release, starting at 10 μM and acting quickly. It potentiates the inhibition induced by TCA cycle metabolites. The action of acetoacetate is partially removed by β-hydroxybutyrate. Removal is minimal at 0.1 mM acetoacetate, and is higher at 0.5 mM acetoacetate. We conclude that several inhibitors of H(2)O(2) release act jointly and concentration dependently to rapidly set the required level of H(2)O(2) generation at each succinate concentration.
This article was published in J Bioenerg Biomembr
and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access