Author(s): Graue M, WentzelLarsen T, Bru E, Hanestad BR, Svik O
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To systematically study the various coping styles in a population-based sample of adolescents with type 1 diabetes, exploring the association of different coping styles with metabolic control and adolescent self-reported diabetes-related quality of life. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Of a total population of 116 adolescents with type 1 diabetes (age 13-18 years), 103 (89\%) participated in the study, completing a questionnaire to obtain information on coping styles and perception of diabetes-specific quality of life. The mean age (+/-SD) was 14.9 +/- 1.6 years, diabetes duration 7.1 +/- 3.8 years, HbA(1c) 9.4 +/- 1.6\%, and male-to-female ratio 52:51. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between higher HbA(1c) values and higher degree of mental (r = 0.25, P < 0.05) and behavioral (r = 0.33, P < 0.01) disengagement and aggressive coping (r = 0.33, P < 0.01). Stepwise multiple regression analyses indicated that greater use of aggressive coping (P < 0.05) and behavioral disengagement (P < 0.05) were significantly related to increase in HbA(1c). Greater use of active coping (P < 0.05) was significantly related to a decrease in HbA(1c). Partial correlation analysis showed that lower scores on diabetes-specific quality of life were significantly related to greater use of emotion-focused coping (r = -0.22 to -0.49). Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that greater use of mental disengagement was significantly related to lower degree of perceived diabetes-related impact. CONCLUSIONS: Poor metabolic control and lower degree of diabetes-related quality of life are associated with greater use of emotion-focused coping in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
This article was published in Diabetes Care
and referenced in Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy