alexa The correlation between skull fractures and intracranial lesions due to traffic accidents.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Yavuz MS, Asirdizer M, Cetin G, Gnay Balci Y, Altinkok M

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Abstract In this study, it was aimed to investigate the relationship between skull fractures and intracranial lesions following head injury. For this purpose, 500 cases, which were referred to the Third Committee of Council of Forensic Medicine in Istanbul due to traffic accidents by the courts of laws between 1998 and 2000, were examined retrospectively. They were categorized in 3 groups based on findings of their cranium x-rays and brain tomographies. 1- The cases who have fractures in skull bones with brain lesions 2- The cases who have fractures in skull bones with no brain lesions 3- The cases who have brain lesions with no skull fractures. They were examined in detail according to age, sex, localization of skull fractures and brain lesions, and if surgery was applied or not. Of the cases, 152 (30.4\%) had only linear fractures, 69 (13.8\%) had depressed fractures, 92 (18.4\%) had linear fractures plus intracranial lesions, 49 (9.8\%) had depressed fractures plus intracranial lesions and 138 (27.6\%) had only intracranial lesions. The rate of intracranial lesion among the cases with the skull fracture was 38.9\% (141/362), while the rate of skull fracture among the cases with the intracranial lesion was 50.3\% (141/279) (P < 0.001). Male to female ratios were 2.4/1 for linear fractures, 5.2/1 for depressed fractures, and 3.5/1 for intracranial lesions. Linear fractures were more frequent among females whereas depressed fractures were often among males (chi2: 9.68, df: 4, p: 0.046). The mean age was 26.3. The rate of depressed fractures was higher the age groups of 0-30 years. (chi2: 16.28, df: 4, p: 0.003). Depressed fractures in the regions of frontal and parietal and, linear fracture in the regions of temporal and occipital were found at higher rates (P < 0.001). In conclusion, we reviewed skull fractures and/or intracranial lesions due to traffic accidents, and found depressed fractures to be more common among males whereas linear fractures to be more common among females and young males. In the male, the skull architecture is thicker and stronger than females and young males. We can state that presence of skull fractures lowers the incidence of intracranial lesions by lowering the intracranial pressure. This article was published in Am J Forensic Med Pathol and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

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