alexa The costs of traumatic brain injury: a literature review.
Medicine

Medicine

Emergency Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Humphreys I, Wood RL, Phillips CJ, Macey S

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the literature relating to the psychosocial costs associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Nine online journal databases, including MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and PUBMED, were queried for studies between July 2010 and May 2012 pertaining to the economic burden of head injuries. Additional studies were identified through searching bibliographies of related publications and using Google internet search engine. RESULTS: One hundred and eight potentially relevant abstracts were identified from the journal databases. Ten papers were chosen for discussion in this review. All but two of the chosen papers were US studies. The studies included a cost-benefit analysis of the implementation of treatment guidelines from the US brain trauma foundation and a cost-effectiveness analysis of post-acute traumatic brain injury rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: Very little research has been published on the economic burden that mild and moderate traumatic brain injury patients pose to their families, careers, and society as a whole. Further research is needed to estimate the economic burden of these patients on healthcare providers and social services and how this can impact current health policies and practices.
This article was published in Clinicoecon Outcomes Res and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access

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