Author(s): Taylor AI, Fabiane SM, Sutton BJ, Calvert RA
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Abstract Avian IgY is closely related to an ancestor of both mammalian IgG and IgE and thus provides insights into the evolution of antibody structure and function. A recombinant fragment of IgY-Fc consisting of a dimer of the Cupsilon3 and Cupsilon4 domains, Fcupsilon3-4, was expressed and crystallized and its X-ray structure determined to 1.75 A resolution. Fcupsilon3-4 is the only nonmammalian Fc fragment structure determined to date and provides the first structural evidence for an ancient origin of antibody architecture. The Fcupsilon3-4 structure reveals features common to both IgE-Fc and IgG-Fc, and the implications for IgY binding to its receptor are discussed.
This article was published in Biochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics