alexa The C-terminal domain of the betaine carrier BetP of Corynebacterium glutamicum is directly involved in sensing K+ as an osmotic stimulus.


Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Author(s): Schiller D, Rbenhagen R, Krmer R, Morbach S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The glycine betaine carrier BetP of Corynebacterium glutamicum was recently shown to function both as an osmosensor and as an osmoregulator in proteoliposomes by sensing changes in the internal K(+) concentration as a measure of hyperosmotic stress. In vivo analysis of mutants carrying deletions at the C-terminal extension of BetP indicated that this domain participates in osmostress-dependent activity regulation. To address the question, whether a putative K(+) sensor is located within the C-terminal domain, several mutants with truncations in this domain were purified and reconstituted in proteoliposomes of Escherichia coli phospholipids, since this in vitro system allowed variation of the K(+) concentration at the lumenal side. Truncation of 12 amino acids led to a partly deregulated BetP in terms of osmoregulation; however, K(+) sensitivity was not impaired in this mutant. The deletion of 25 amino acid residues at the C-terminal end of BetP led to both deregulation of the carrier activity, i.e., high activity independent of external osmolality, and loss of K(+)-dependent transport stimulation, indicating that this region of the C-terminal domain is necessary for K(+) sensing and/or K(+)-dependent carrier activation. Immunological and proteolysis analyses showed that BetP and its recombinant forms were reconstituted in a right-side-out orientation, i.e., the C-terminal domain faces the lumen of the proteoliposomes and is thus able to detect the K(+) signal at the inside. This is the first experimental demonstration of a direct connection between an osmotic stimulus, i.e., the change in internal K(+), and a putative sensor domain. This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version