Author(s): Tupling AR
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Abstract Cytosolic Ca2+ transients associated with contraction and relaxation cycles in skeletal muscle are primarily dependent on the kinetics of Ca2+ release and Ca2+ uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In humans, sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPases (SERCAs) are solely responsible for the removal of Ca2+ from the cytosol following muscle contraction. There are several signalling systems involved in the acute regulation of SERCAs required to achieve a given Ca2+ transient during muscle contraction-relaxation cycles. Cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase signalling activate SERCAs through the regulation of the endogenous SERCA-regulatory proteins, phospholamban and sarcolipin, both of which are highly expressed in human skeletal muscle. Recent studies on the regulation of SERCA2b in arterial smooth muscle and work from my laboratory on the interaction between SERCAs and the inducible 70-kDa heat shock protein suggests a novel role for redox signalling in regulating SERCA activity. In the absence of fatigue, activation of these signalling systems in response to repeated muscle activity serves to increase the rate of cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]f) decay (i.e., SR Ca2+ uptake) and the speed of muscle relaxation.
This article was published in Appl Physiol Nutr Metab
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy