alexa The desaturation and elongation of linolenic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid by hepatocytes and liver microsomes from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed diets containing fish oil or olive oil.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Buzzi M, Henderson RJ, Sargent JR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The products of desaturation and elongation of [1-14C]18:3(n - 3) and [1-14C]20:5(n - 3) were studied using hepatocytes and microsomes prepared from livers of trout maintained on diets containing either olive oil or fish oil, to establish the extent to which the formation of 22:6(n - 3) was enhanced in the absence of dietary 22:6(n - 3) and to investigate the pathway(s) of conversion of 18:3(n - 3) and 20:5(n - 3) to 22:6(n - 3). Levels of 20:5(n - 3) and 22:6(n - 3) in the total lipid of hepatocytes from trout fed olive oil were 20-fold and 10-fold, respectively, lower than in cells from trout fed fish oil. For both dietary groups, [1-14C]18:3(n - 3) was incorporated into hepatocyte lipid to a greater extent than [1-14C] 20:5(n - 3). Almost 70\% of the total radioactivity from [1-14C]18:3(n - 3) was recovered in hepatocyte triacylglycerols, whereas radioactivity from [1-14C]20:5(n - 3) was recovered almost equally in neutral lipids (52\%) and polar lipids (48\%). The products of desaturation and elongation from both labelled substrates were esterified mainly into hepatocyte polar lipids, whereas elongation products of [1-14C]18:3(n - 3) were preferentially incorporated into neutral lipids. Radioactivity recovered in the 22:6(n - 3) of polar lipids of hepatocytes from trout fed olive oil, from both 14C substrates, was approximately double that in hepatocytes from trout fed fish oil. No radioactivity from either [1-14C]18:3(n - 3) or [1-14C]20:5(n - 3) was incorporated into 22:6(n - 3) by microsomes isolated from livers from either group of fish and incubated in the presence of acetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA, NADH, NADPH, ATP and coenzyme A. However, significant radioactivity was recovered in 24:5(n - 3) and 24:6(n - 3) from [1-14C]20:5(n - 3) and more radioactive 24:6(n - 3) accumulated in microsomes from trout fed olive oil than from trout fed fish oil. The results establish that the formation of 22:6(n - 3) from both 18:3(n - 3) and 20:5(n - 3) in hepatocytes of rainbow trout is stimulated by omitting 22:6(n - 3) from the diet and are consistent with the biosynthesis of 22:6(n - 3) in trout liver cells proceeding via 24:5(n - 3) and 24:6(n - 3) intermediates.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords