alexa The differences between typical and atypical antipsychotics: the effects on neurogenesis.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Author(s): Nandra KS, Agius M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recently, the pharmacological division between typical and atypical antipsychotics has been called into question. New evidence, however, continues to emerge showing differences between these two classes of drugs. Hence typical and atypical antipsychotics are clearly different classes of drugs, as evidenced by their actions, mechanisms, effects and side effects. The most recently investigated field in which both classes of drugs have opposing effects is neuron survival and neurogenesis. Schizophrenia has been found to be a disease of progressive reductions in grey matter, and the more lost, the worse the outcome. Medication naive patients have lowered levels of neurotrophins e.g. NT-3, NGF BDNF. The antipsychotic drugs alter the levels of these neurotrophins. Haloperidol, of the typical antipsychotics, causes neuron apoptosis by a free radical induced mechanism, involving Bcl-XS, P53, cytochrome c translocation and caspase 3 activation. Haloperidol also lowers BDNF levels, reducing neuroprotection in the brain to enable haloperidol's toxic effects. Atypical drugs have opposing effects. They increase levels of BDNF, improve cell survival and enhance neurogenesis. Atypical drugs can also prevent or reverse the effects of haloperidol induced toxicity. The mechanism involves the inverse agonism of 5HT receptors, particularly those of the 2A subset, but the situation is considerably more complicated.
This article was published in Psychiatr Danub and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords