Author(s): Gilligan PJ, Baldauf C, Cocuzza A, Chidester D, Zaczek R,
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Abstract Structure activity relationship studies led to the discovery of 4-(3-pentylamino)-2,7-dimethyl-8-(2-methyl-4-methoxyphenyl)-pyrazo lo-[1,5-a]-pyrimidine 11-31 (DMP904), whose pharmacological profile strongly supports the hypothesis that hCRF1 antagonists may be potent anxiolytic drugs. Compound 11-31 (hCRF1 Ki = 1.0+/-0.2 nM (n = 8)) was a potent antagonist of hCRF1-coupled adenylate cyclase activity in HEK293 cells (IC50= 10.0+/-0.01 nM versus 10 nM r/hCRF, n = 8); alpha-helical CRF(9-41) had weaker potency (IC50 = 286+/-63 nM, n = 3). Analogue 11-31 had good oral activity in the rat situational anxiety test; the minimum effective dose for 11-31 was 0.3 mg/kg (po). Maximal efficacy (approximately 57\% reduction in latency time in the dark compartment) was observed at this dose. Chlordiazepoxide caused a 72\% reduction in latency at 20 mg/kg (po). The literature compound 1 (CP154526-1, 30 mg/kg (po)) was inactive in this test. Compound 11-31 did not inhibit open-field locomotor activity at 10, 30, and 100 mg/kg (po) in rats. In beagle dogs, this compound (5 mg/kg, iv, po) afforded good plasma levels. The key iv pharmacokinetic parameters were t1/2, CL and Vd,ss values equal to 46.4+/-7.6 h. 0.49+/-0.08 L/kg/h and 23.0+/-4.2 L/kg, respectively. After oral dosing, the mean Cmax, Tmax t1/2 and bioavailability values were equal to 1260+/-290 nM, 0.75+/-0.25 h. 45.1+/-10.2 h and 33.1\%, respectively. The overall rat behavioral profile of this compound suggests that it may be an anxiolytic drug with a low motor side effect liability.
This article was published in Bioorg Med Chem
and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal