Author(s): Simsek T, Kocabas F, Zheng J, Deberardinis RJ, Mahmoud AI,
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Abstract Bone marrow transplantation is the primary therapy for numerous hematopoietic disorders. The efficiency of bone marrow transplantation depends on the function of long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSCs), which is markedly influenced by their hypoxic niche. Survival in this low-oxygen microenvironment requires significant metabolic adaptation. Here, we show that LT-HSCs utilize glycolysis instead of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to meet their energy demands. We used flow cytometry to identify a unique low mitochondrial activity/glycolysis-dependent subpopulation that houses the majority of hematopoietic progenitors and LT-HSCs. Finally, we demonstrate that Meis1 and Hif-1alpha are markedly enriched in LT-HSCs and that Meis1 regulates HSC metabolism through transcriptional activation of Hif-1alpha. These findings reveal an important transcriptional network that regulates HSC metabolism. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cell Stem Cell
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy