alexa The diversity profile of TP53 is influenced by positive selection on the immediately upstream locus WDR79.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Leukemia

Author(s): Alonso S

Abstract Share this page

BACKGROUND/AIM: TP53 is an efficient central node in a signal transduction network that responds to minimize cancer. However, over 50% of tumors show some mutation in TP53. Thus, one might argue that this single central node network lacks robustness. Therefore, we wanted to investigate if natural selection has played a role in shaping the genomic region containing TP53. METHODS: We have analyzed the HapMap data for evidence of selection using F(ST) pairwise comparisons and the extended haplotype homozygosity test on a 200-kb region encompassing TP53. We have also resequenced 4 kb upstream TP53 in Europeans (including melanoma patients), Asians, Australian Aborigines and Africans. RESULTS: Genetic hitchhiking by a linked, positively selected allele at the nearby gene WDR79 may be partly responsible for the sequence diversity profile of TP53. It can help explain why the TP53 Arg72 allele is the major allele in Europeans even when the alternative allele, 72Pro, has been reported to offer an increased longevity after disease. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the important role of TP53, a complex interplay with other evolutionary forces, which are extrinsic to TP53 function, may have driven the genetic diversity pattern of this locus, and, as a consequence, its structure and function.

This article was published in Hum Hered and referenced in Journal of Leukemia

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords