alexa The dual control of insulin secretion by glucose involves triggering and amplifying pathways in β-cells.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Author(s): Henquin JC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This review outlines the two pathways that interact in β-cells to ensure temporal and amplitude control of insulin secretion by glucose. The most well known triggering pathway involves the following steps: acceleration of glucose metabolism, closure of ATP-sensitive potassium channels, depolarization, influx of Ca(2+) through voltage-gated calcium channels, and a rise in the concentration of cytosolic ionized Ca(2+) that triggers exocytosis of insulin-containing granules. This classic sequence is, however, incomplete. Additional mechanisms, involving other channels, are necessarily implicated in the production of the triggering Ca(2+) signal. It is also clear that the effect of glucose on insulin secretion would be poor if Ca(2+)-induced exocytosis was not markedly augmented (approximately doubled) through a metabolic amplifying pathway, mechanistically distinct from neurohormonal amplifying pathways. This metabolic amplifying pathway is physiologically relevant for both phases of glucose-induced insulin secretion and for the potentiation, by glucose, of insulin secretion triggered by non-metabolized secretagogues (e.g. arginine). Three important challenges for future studies will be to identify the additional targets mediating control of the triggering Ca(2+) signal by glucose, to elucidate the cellular mechanisms of the metabolic amplifying pathway and to determine the contribution of each pathway in the alterations of insulin secretion in type 2 diabetic patients. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Diabetes Res Clin Pract and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords