Author(s): Dushanova J, Christov M
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Abstract PURPOSE: The question of the present study is whether the brain as a system with gradually decreasing resources maximizes its performance by reorganizing neural networks for greater efficiency. MATERIAL/METHODS: Auditory event-related low frequency oscillations (delta δ - [2, 4]Hz; theta θ - [4.5, 7]Hz; alpha α - [7.5, 12]Hz) were examined during an auditory discrimination motor task (low-frequency tone - right hand movement, high-frequency tone - left hand movement) between two groups with mean age 26.3 and 55 years. RESULTS: The amplitudes of the phase-locked δ, θ and α activity were more pronounced with a progressive increase in age during the sensory processing, independent of tone type. The difference between the groups with respect to scalp distribution was tone-independent for delta/theta oscillations, but not for the alpha activity. Age-related and tone-dependent changes in α band activity were focused at frontal and sensorimotor areas. Neither functional brain specificity was observed for the amplitudes of the low-frequency (δ, θ, α) oscillations during the cognitive processing, which diminished with increasing age. CONCLUSION: The cognitive brain oscillatory specificity diminished with increasing age. Copyright © 2014 Medical University of Bialystok. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Adv Med Sci
and referenced in Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology