alexa The effect of an educational program to improve health-related quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis on waiting list for total knee replacement: a randomized study.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): M Nuez, E Nuez, JM Segur, F Macule, L Quinto

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of therapeutic education and functional readaptation (TEFR) on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis on a waiting list for total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: Randomized controlled trial of 9 months duration was conducted. One hundred consecutive outpatients (71 females, mean age 71 years (range 50-86), mean disease duration 11.84+/-10.52 months) were included. Patients were randomized in two groups. The intervention group received TEFR added to conventional (pharmacological) treatment (n=51). The control group received conventional (pharmacological) treatment only (n=49). The main outcome variable was self-reported HRQL measured by the Spanish version of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Secondary outcomes were general HRQL measured by Short Form Health Survey general questionnaire (SF-36), number of visits to general physicians and their cost. Assessments were done at baseline and at 9 months. MAIN RESULTS: Eighty patients completed the study. Significant improvement in the WOMAC function was found at 9 months in the TERF group with respect to the control group (P=0.035). Consumption of analgesics increased significantly in the TERF group compared with controls (P=0.036). Significant improvements in pain (P=0.027) measured by WOMAC and in bodily pain (P=0.043) and physical function (P=0.031), measured by SF-36, were observed in the intervention group with respect to baseline. CONCLUSIONS: The function dimension measured by WOMAC of patients who received both pharmacological treatment and TERF improved with respect to the control group receiving only pharmacological treatment. This suggests that a program of TEFR during the period on the waiting list for TKR may reduce the negative impact of this situation.

This article was published in Osteoarthritis Cartilage and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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