alexa The effect of ascorbic acid on the nature and production of collagen and elastin by rat smooth-muscle cells.
Pulmonology

Pulmonology

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): de Clerck YA, Jones PA

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Abstract 1. The effects of various concentrations of ascorbic acid on the quality and quantity of the insoluble extracellular matrices produced by two strains of cultured rat smooth-muscle cells were studied. 2. Ascorbic acid was necessary for the appearance of insoluble collagen in the extracellular matrix. 3. Secretion of soluble collagen continued in the absence of ascorbic acid, but this soluble collagen was markedly underhydroxylated. 4. The amount of insoluble collagen present in the matrix was directly related to the ascorbic acid concentration. 5. The insoluble collagen that appeared in the matrix under conditions where ascorbic acid was limiting was no more than 7\% underhydroxylated. 6. In contrast, the amount of insoluble elastin produced was inversely proportional to the ascorbic acid concentration. 7. The elastin produced in the absence of ascorbic acid had the expected amino acid composition, but hydroxyproline was absent. 8. The hydroxyproline content of elastin was also directly dependent on the ascorbic acid concentration. 9. Ascorbic acid had variable effects on the quantity of glycoprotein(s) present in the matrix. 10. The appearance of insoluble collagen in the extracellular matrices produced by cultured human fibroblasts and calf endothelial cells was also completely dependent on the presence of ascorbic acid.
This article was published in Biochem J and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

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