Author(s): Tura G, Afework MF, Yalew AW
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Skilled care during and immediately after delivery has been identified as one of the key strategies in reducing maternal mortality. However, recent estimates show that the status of skilled care during delivery remained very low in Ethiopia. Birth preparedness and complication readiness has been implemented as comprehensive strategy to fill this gap. However, its effectiveness in improving skilled care use hasn't been well studied. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of birth preparedness and complication readiness on skilled care use in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted from September 2012-April 2013 in Southwest Ethiopia among randomly selected 3472 mothers. Data were collected by using pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaires and analyzed by using SPSS for windows V.20.0 and STATA 13. Mixed-effects multilevel logistic regression model was used to look at the relation between birth preparedness and complication readiness plan and skilled care use and identify other determinant factors. RESULTS: The status of skilled care use was 17.5\% (95\% CI: 16.2\%, 18.8\%). Factors affecting skilled care use existed both at the community as well as individual levels. Planning to use skilled care during pregnancy was found to increase actual use significantly (OR=2.24; 95\%CI: 1.60, 3.15). Place of residence, access to basic emergency obstetric care, maternal education, husband's occupation, wealth quintiles, number of pregnancy, inter-birth interval, knowledge of key danger signs during labor and ANC use were identified as factors affecting skilled care use. CONCLUSIONS: The status of skilled care use was found to be low in the study area. Birth preparedness and complication readiness had significant effect on skilled care use. Socio-demographic, economic, access to health facility, maternal obstetric factors and antenatal care were identified as determinant factors for skilled care use. Designing appropriate interventions to improve information, education and communication, antenatal care use, family planning and knowledge of key danger signs are recommended.
This article was published in Reprod Health
and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics