Author(s): Inkster JE, Hovell FD, Kyle DJ, Brown DS, Lobley GE
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Abstract Seven measurements of the effect of clenbuterol on basal nitrogen excretion (UNE), and protein turnover were made in six female sheep. The sheep were sustained by the intraruminal infusion of energy as volatile fatty acids to provide maintenance, but given no protein (N-free) for 12 d (6 d control, 6 d clenbuterol). Clenbuterol reduced UNE by 20\%, but only on day 2 of the 6 d subperiod. Protein flux (equivalent to degradation on N-free nutrition), measured on day 6 by the irreversible loss of leucine was significantly increased (12\%) by clenbuterol. Amino-N oxidation measured by N excretion was unchanged and, therefore, protein synthesis was also increased. During the 12 d N-free period, the recovery of urinary total N (Kjeldahl) as the sum of urea, ammonia, creatinine and purine derivatives, declined from 87.7 to 74.2\%. The form of this missing N was not identified. The effect of clenbuterol of increasing both degradation and synthesis is unlike that reported in the literature for animals receiving protein when, in general, synthesis is unchanged and degradation reduced. This could be due to a different effect of clenbuterol in the N-free state, or to unchanged effects on protein pools other than muscle whose relative contribution to protein metabolism is different in the N-free state.
This article was published in Br J Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies