Author(s): Pasquini S, Deng H, Reddy ST, GilesDavis W, Ertl HC
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Abstract The effect of palindromic CpG sequences on the B cell response to plasmid vectors expressing a highly immunogenic viral glycoprotein was investigated. Methylation of the CpG sequences of bacterial expression vectors abolished their ability to induce an antibody response to the transgene product in mice. The antibody response could be rescued by concomitant injection of oligonucleotides carrying immunostimulatory sequences. The B cell response to two plasmid vectors, both expressing the same viral glycoprotein but containing a different content of the highly stimulatory AACGTT motif, was compared. Comparable B cell responses were induced to the two constructs given at an optimal vaccine dose while the vector containing additional palindromic sequences resulted in higher antibody titers at a suboptimal dose. These data indicate that deletion of CpG motifs or methylation of such sequences in plasmid DNA can abrogate the immune response to the vector encoded antigen and might thus enhance their usefulness as gene therapy vehicles.
This article was published in Gene Ther
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination