alexa The effect of manipulation of silk scaffold fabrication parameters on matrix performance in a murine model of bladder augmentation.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

Author(s): Gomez P rd, Gil ES, Lovett ML, Rockwood DN, Di Vizio D,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Autologous gastrointestinal segments are utilized as the primary option for bladder reconstructive procedures despite their inherent morbidity and significant complication rate. Multi-laminate biomaterials derived from Bombyx mori silk fibroin and prepared from a gel spinning process may serve as a superior alternative for bladder tissue engineering due to their robust mechanical properties, biocompatibility, and processing plasticity. In the present study, we sought to determine the impact of variations in winding (axial slew rate: 2 and 40 mm/s) and post-winding (methanol and lyophilization) fabrication parameters on the in vivo performance of gel spun silk scaffolds in a murine model of bladder augmentation. Three silk matrix groups with distinct structural and mechanical properties were investigated following 10 weeks of implantation including our original prototype previously shown to support bladder regeneration, Group 1 (2 mm/s, methanol) as well as Group 2 (40 mm/s, methanol) and Group 3 (40 mm/s, lyophilization) configurations. Non surgical animals were assessed in parallel as controls. Quantification of residual scaffold area demonstrated that while Group 1 and 2 scaffolds were largely intact, processing parameters utilized for Group 3 led to significantly higher degrees of scaffold degradation in comparison to Group 1. Histological (hematoxylin and eosin, masson's trichrome) and immunohistochemical (IHC) analyses showed comparable extents of smooth muscle regeneration and contractile protein (α-smooth muscle actin and SM22α) expression within the original defect site throughout all matrix groups similar to controls. Parallel evaluations demonstrated transitional urothelial formation with prominent uroplakin and p63 protein expression supported by Group 1 and 3 scaffolds, while Group 2 variants supported a thin, immature epithelium composed primarily of uroplakin-negative, p63-positive basal cells. Voided stain on paper analysis revealed similar voiding patterns between all matrix groups; however Group 2 animals displayed substantially lower voided volumes with increased frequency in comparison to controls. In addition, cystometric assessments revealed all matrix groups supported comparable degrees of bladder compliance similar to control levels. The results of this study demonstrate that selective alterations in winding and post-winding fabrication parameters can enhance the degradation rate of gel spun silk scaffolds in vivo while preserving their ability to support bladder tissue regeneration and function. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biomaterials and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version