Author(s): Mszrosov M, Sirotkin AV, Grossmann R, Darlak K, Valenzuela F
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Abstract The aim of our in vitro experiments was to investigate the role of obestatin, a newly discovered metabolic hormone produced in the stomach and other tissues, in the direct control of ovarian cell proliferation, apoptosis and secretion. Porcine granulosa cells were cultured in the presence of obestatin (0, 1, 10 and 100ng/ml medium). The expression of intracellular peptides associated with proliferation (PCNA, cyclin B1, MAP kinase), as well as markers of apoptosis (Bax, p53, Caspase 3), were detected using immunocytochemistry and Western immunoblotting. Secretion of progesterone (P4), testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2) was measured by EIA. Addition of obestatin (1-100ng/ml) to the culture medium significantly stimulated the expression of PCNA and resulted in an increase in expression of cyclin B1 and MAPK. It also significantly increased the percentage of cells containing the apoptotic and anti-proliferating peptides p53, Caspase 3 and Bax. At 10 and 100ng/ml, obestatin promoted the secretion of P4, but not T or E2. Our results are the first demonstration that obestatin directly controls porcine ovarian cell functions: it can stimulate proliferation (accumulation of rPCNA, cyclin B1 and MAPK), apoptosis (expression of p53, Caspase 3 and Bax) and the secretion of progesterone.
This article was published in Anim Reprod Sci
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science