Author(s): Melino M, Hii CS, McColl SR, Ferrante A
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Abstract Although JNK is a potential target for treating chronic inflammatory diseases, its role in T lymphocyte function remains controversial. To overcome some of the previous limitations in addressing this issue we have used the recently described transactivator of transcription-JNK-interacting protein (TAT-JIP) peptide, a specific inhibitor that was derived from the minimal JNK-binding region of the scaffold protein, JNK-interacting protein 1 (JIP-1), coupled to the short cell-permeable HIV TAT sequence. Pretreatment of purified human T lymphocytes with the TAT-JIP peptide inhibited the phosphorylation of endogenous jun activated by PHA-PMA. This was associated with a corresponding inhibition of lymphoproliferation, and of IL-2, IFN-gamma, lymphotoxin, and IL-10 cytokine production. Similar results were also found using mouse splenic T cells. Examination of the specificity of TAT-JIP revealed that although the peptide was more selective than the pharmacological inhibitor, SP600125, it also inhibited cyclin-dependent kinase 2, p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase, and serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase activity. Nevertheless, these data demonstrate for the first time the ability of the TAT-JIP peptide to inhibit the JNK pathway and the phosphorylation of jun in intact cells, thereby preventing the activation of the transcription factor, AP-1, and the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. Thus JNK could potentially be a target for the development of drugs for the treatment of autoimmune inflammatory diseases.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology