Author(s): Bradford A, Atkinson J, Fuller N, Rand RP, Bradford A, Atkinson J, Fuller N, Rand RP, Bradford A, Atkinson J, Fuller N, Rand RP, Bradford A, Atkinson J, Fuller N, Rand RP
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Abstract The effects of vitamin E on the activity of membrane-dependent enzymes suggest that it acts indirectly by modifying some properties of the lipid host. The effects of alpha-tocopherol (alpha-T) and alpha-tocopherol hemisuccinate (alpha-THS) on phospholipid monolayer structure, curvature, and bending elasticity were examined using X-ray diffraction and the osmotic stress method. These ligands were mixed with the hexagonal phase-forming lipid, dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE). Increasing levels up to 50 mol\% alpha-T in DOPE in excess water result in a systematic decrease in the lattice dimension. Analysis of the structural changes imposed by alpha-T shows that it contributes a spontaneous radius of curvature of -13.7 A. This unusually negative value is comparable to diacylglycerols. alpha-T does not affect the bending elasticity of these monolayers. alpha-THS in its charged form decreases membrane curvature, but in its undissociated neutral form has a qualitatively similar but reduced effect on monolayer curvature, as does alpha-T. We discuss these results in terms of the local stresses such ligands would produce in the vicinity of a membrane protein, and how one might expect proteins to respond to such stress.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology