Author(s): HopmanRock M, Staats PG, Tak EC, Dres RM
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of the Psychomotor Activation Programme (PAP) on the behaviour and cognition of demented elderly people. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with an experimental group and a control group. Post-test after 6 months. SETTING: Group care projects for demented elderly people living in 11 different homes for the elderly in The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and thirty-four subjects entered the study (72 in the experimental group and 62 in the control group), 42 of whom dropped out (27 in the experimental group and 15 in the control group). MEASUREMENTS: Individual behaviour and group behaviour were scored using two Dutch scales (BIP and SIPO respectively) developed and validated for use in psychogeriatric populations. Cognition was measured with the short and the long versions of the Cognitive Screening Test (CST-14 and CST-20). Disability was measured with the Barthel Index. Medicine use, falls, other accidents and life events were registered. RESULTS: The PAP had a beneficial effect on cognition (CST-14, F = 2.63, p < or = 0.05, effect size 0.4) (CST-20, F = 3.77, p < or = 0.05, effect size 0.5) and increased positive group behaviour in participants with relatively mild cognitive problems (SIPO, F = 4.46 p < or = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The PAP stabilizes cognitive performance and has some beneficial effects on behaviour. Positive findings were supported by a simultaneously conducted process evaluation.
This article was published in Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
and referenced in Journal of Depression and Anxiety