alexa The effects of calcium phosphate cement particles on osteoblast functions.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Pioletti DP, Takei H, Lin T, Van Landuyt P, Ma QJ,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Calcium phosphate cements (CPC) are increasingly used in the orthopedic field. This kind of cement has potential applications in bone defect replacements, osteosynthetic screw reinforcements or drug delivery. In vivo studies have demonstrated a good osteointegration of CPC. However, it was also observed that the resorption of CPC could create particles. It is known from orthopedic implant studies that particles can be responsible for the peri-implant osteolysis. Biocompatibility assessment of CPC should then be performed with particles. In this study, we quantified the functions of osteoblasts in the presence of beta-TCP, brushite and cement particles. Two particle sizes were prepared. The first one corresponded to the critical diameter range 1-10 microm and the second one had a diameter larger than 10 microm. We found that CPC particles could adversely affect the osteoblast functions. A decrease in viability, proliferation and production of extracellular matrix was measured. A dose effect was also observed. A ratio of 50 CPC particles per osteoblast could be considered as the maximum number of particles supported by an osteoblast. The smaller particles had stronger negative effects on osteoblast functions than the larger ones. Future CPC development should minimize the generation of particles smaller than 10 microm.
This article was published in Biomaterials and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords