Author(s): Cheung MM, Smallhorn JF, Redington AN, Vogel M
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Abstract AIM: The myocardial performance index (MPI), or Tei index, has been shown to be useful in the assessment of global myocardial performance. There are few invasive data however, which examine its load dependence or sensitivity to acute changes in contractile function. The purpose of this study was therefore to study formally the effect of clinically relevant changes in these parameters in an animal model. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 10 Yorkshire pigs using echocardiographic assessment and simultaneous measurements of intraventricular pressure and volume by conductance catheterization. With dobutamine infusion, there was no significant change in the MPI (0.26+/-0.13-0.22+/-0.11; p=0.42), but dP/dtmax increased significantly (1001+/-240-1569+/-532 mm Hg/s, p<0.001). Afterload increase (40\% change in ventricular pressure) and preload reduction (20\% change in ventricular volume) were associated with significant increases in the MPI (0.26+/-0.13-0.49+/-0.20; p<0.005 and 0.26+/-0.13-0.51+/-0.20; p<0.001, respectively) without any significant change in maximal elastance (Ees). CONCLUSIONS: The MPI, or Tei index, is significantly affected by acute changes in loading conditions but is unable to consistently detect acute changes in contractile function.
This article was published in Eur Heart J
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology