Author(s): Amaral L, Kristiansen JE, Frolund Thomsen V, Markovich B
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Abstract Chlorpromazine (CPZ), a compound employed for the management of psychosis, has a wide ranging antibacterial activity. The growth of Salmonella typhimurium100 mg/l), was initially inhibited during the first 8-16 h of exposure to concentrations of CPZ below the MIC. During this period of transient susceptibility, the distribution of ribosomes was markedly altered in a concentration dependent manner; the rough cell wall was transformed into a smooth form. The protein composition of the outer cell wall of 55 kDa was markedly decreased, whilst there was an increased number of high molecular weight proteins. After 16 h of exposure to sub-MIC levels of CPZ, the inhibitory effect of the drug was no longer apparent whereas the effects noted on the cell wall were retained. These Salmonella were, as the control, agglutinated by O antigen specific antibody. Whereas agglutination of the control Salmonella was blocked by the presence of CPZ at concentrations that induced the cell-wall effects, agglutination of CPZ exposed-Salmonella for periods in excess of 16 h was not blocked by any concentration of CPZ. These results suggested that eventual resistance to CPZ was dependent upon changes induced by CPZ at the cell wall level. The results also suggested that the CPZ binds to the 55 kDa protein and that such binding interfered with the recognition of the O antigen by antibody.
This article was published in Int J Antimicrob Agents
and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Sciences