Author(s): Arnaud DArgembeau, Martial Van der Linden, Christine Comblain, AnneMarie Etienne
We investigated the influence of happy and angry expressions on memory for new faces. Participants were presented with happy and a ngry faces in an intentional or incidental learning condition and were later asked to re cognize the same faces displaying a neutral expression. They also had to remember what th e initial expressions of the faces had been. Remember/know/guess judgements were made bo th for identity and expression memory. Results showed that faces were better recognize d when presented with a happy rather than an angry expression, but only when learning was inte ntional. This was mainly due to an increase of the "remember" responses for happy faces when encoding was intentional rather than incidental. In contrast, memory for emotiona l expressions was not different for happy and angry faces whatever the encoding conditions. We interpret these findings according to the social meaning of emotional expressions for the self.