Author(s): Younossi Z, Kallman J, Kincaid J
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Abstract Infection with HCV leads to an array of symptoms that compromise health-related quality of life (HRQL). Chronic hepatitis C is treated primarily with pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) and an inosine 5' monophosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor, ribavirin (RBV), with the goal of achieving a sustained virologic response (SVR). SVR reduces the rate of hepatic fibrosis and other disease-related complications and, in turn, increases HRQL. Although combination therapy with peg-IFN and RBV produces SVRs in more than 50\% of treated patients, it is associated with side effects that can reduce short-term HRQL, can lead to dose reductions and discontinuations, and may impair treatment response. Fatigue and depression are common symptoms of chronic HCV infection that may also be caused by IFN-based therapy. Hemolytic anemia and IFN-mediated bone marrow suppression are well-known consequences of IFN/RBV therapy, often resulting in dose reductions or discontinuations, and have the potential to affect SVR rates. Management of these symptoms is vital to successful outcomes and generally relies on therapy that is adjunctive to the primary treatment of the viral infection itself. Several new drugs with the potential to increase SVR rates without compromising HRQL are in development. CONCLUSION: The relationship of chronic HCV infection, treatment, and HRQL is complex. Successful treatment of chronic hepatitis C requires an understanding of the intricacies of this relationship and appropriate management of treatment-related symptoms.
This article was published in Hepatology
and referenced in Alternative & Integrative Medicine